Recent Publications

Gaffney, A. M., & La Vogue, N. (forthcoming). Dogmatism and need for closure. In M. A. Hogg (Ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of Social Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gaffney, A. M., Sherburne, B. M., Hackett, J. D., Rast, D. E. III, & Hohman, Z. P. (2019). The transformative and informative nature of elections: Representation, schism, and exit. British Journal of Social Psychology, 58(1), 88-104. doi: 10.1111/bjso.12279

Gaffney, A. M., Hackett, J. D., Rast, D. E., Hohman, Z. P. and Jaurique, A. (2018). The State of American Protest: Shared Anger and Populism. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy. doi:10.1111/asap.12145

Gaffney, A. M., Rast, D. E. III, & Hogg, M. A. (2018). Unexpected leadership under uncertainty: A social identity analysis of non-prototypical leader emergence. Journal of Social Issues, 74, 20-35. doi: 10.1111/josi.12254

Gaffney, A. M., Rast, D. E., III, & Hogg, M. A. (in press). Uncertainty and influence: The advantages (and disadvantages) of being atypical. Journal of Social Issues.

Hogg, M. A. & Gaffney, A. M. (in press). Group processes and intergroup relations. In S. Ghetti (Ed.), The Stevens’ handbook of experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Volume 3: Developmental and social psychology. New York: Wiley.

Rast, D. E., III, Gaffney, A. M., & Yang, L. (2018). The impact of stereotype content on intergroup uncertainty and interactions. Journal of Social Psychology.

Hackett, J. D., Gaffney, A. M., & Data, L. (2018). Intergroup anxiety and political loss: The buffering effects of believing in the open Marketplace of Ideas and openness to diverse political discussions. Journal of Applied Social Psychology.

Gaffney, A. M., & Hogg, M. A. (2017). Social identity and social influence. In S. Harkins, K. D. Williams, & J. Burger (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of social influence (pp. 207-223). New York: Oxford University Press.

Hohman, Z. P., Gaffney, A. M., & Hogg, M. A. (2017). Who am I if I am not like my group? Self-uncertainty and feeling peripheral in a group. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 72, 125-132.

Crwys, T., Gaffney, A. M., & Skipper, Y. (2017). Uncertainty in transition: The influence of group cohesion on learning. In K. Mavor, M. Platow, & Bizumic, B. (Eds.), Self, Social Identity, and Education. New York: Psychology Press.

Gaffney, A. M. , Tomory, J. J., & Gold, G. J. (2014). Consequences for reportorial opinion in news media. Psychology of Popular Media Culture.

Hogg, M. A., & Gaffney, A. M. (2014). Prototype-based social comparisons within groups: Constructing social identity to reduce self-uncertainty. In Z. Križan & F. X. Gibbons (Eds.). Communal functions of social comparison (pp. 145-174). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gaffney, A. M., Rast, D. E. III, Hacket, J. D., & Hogg, M. A. (2014). Further to the right: Uncertainty, political polarization, and the American Tea Party movement. Social Influence, 9, 272-288.

Rast, D. E. III, Gaffney, A. M., & Hogg, M. A. (2013). The tyranny of normative distance: A social identity account of the exercise of power by remote leaders. In M. C. Bligh & R. E. Riggio (Eds.), Exploring distance in leader-follower relationships: When near is far and far is near (pp. 215-240). New York: Routledge.

Gaffney, A. M. & Hogg, M. (2012). Group processes. In W. Bainbridge (Ed.), Leadership in science and technology: A reference handbook. (pp. 131-140). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE

Rast, D. E. III, Gaffney, A. M., Hogg, M. A., & Crisp, R. J. (2012). Leadership under uncertainty: When leaders who are non-prototypical group members can gain support. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 646-653.

Bligh, M. C., Casad, B. J., Schlehofer, M. M., & Gaffney, A. M. (2012). Competent enough, but would you vote for her? Gender stereotypes, political affiliation, and media influences on perceptions of women senators. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42, 560-597.

Gaffney, A. M., Hogg, M. A., Cooper, J., & Stone, J. (2012). Witness to hypocrisy: Reacting to ingroup hypocrites in the presence of others. Social Influence, 7, 98-112.

Recent Presentations

Gaffney, A. M., Sherburne, B., Rast, D. E. III, & Syfers, L. (2019, June). Transforming group norms through the communication of election information. Oral presentation at the 2019 EASP meeting on Intergroup Communications, Bologna, Italy.

Sherburne, B., Gaffney, A. M., & Gardikiotis, A. (2019, June). Violent opposition in response to policy that blurs intergroup boundaries. Oral presentation at the 2019 EASP meeting on Intergroup Communications, Bologna, Italy.

Crano, W. D., Alvaro, E. M, & Gaffney, A. M. (2019, June). Motivated mis-remembering of ingroup and outgroup source information. Oral presentation at the 2019 EASP meeting on Intergroup Communications, Bologna, Italy.

A. M., Rast, D. E. III, & Hogg, M. A. (2018, June). The rise of non-normative and extreme leaders through rhetorical strategies. Invited talk at the 16th International Conference on Language & Social Psychology (ICLASP). Edmonton, Canada.

Gaffney, A. M., Sherburne*, B. M., & Syfers*, L. (2018, May). Can elections transform insurgent candidates to norm changing leaders? Invited presentation at the 2018 meeting of the British Psychological Society, Nottingham, England.

Gaffney, A. M. (2018, April). Invited discussant. In La Vogue*, N. (Chair), Understanding leadership and identity in political contexts. Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR.

Gaffney, A. M. (2018, April). Invited discussant. In Choi, E. & Kuljian*, O. (Chairs), Understanding the self: Interpreting identity through informational sources. Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR.

Gaffney, A. M., Rast, D. E., III, Hogg, M. A., & Crisp, R. (2017, July). Describing “us” in times of uncertainty: Leaders’ strategic use of social identity rhetoric. Oral presentation at the 2017 meeting of the European Association of Social Psychology, Granada, Spain.

Gaffney, A. M., Hackett, J. D., Jaurique, A., & La Vogue, N. (2017, July). The state of political identity post-Trump. Oral paper presentation at the annual meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Gaffney, A. M., Rast, D. E., III, Hogg, M. A., & Crisp, R. (2017, June). Using social identity rhetoric to divide and unite: An examination of the 2016 American Presidential election. Oral presentation at the 1st International Symposium of Intergroup Communications, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Gaffney, A. M., Jung, J., Crano, W. D., & Hogg, M. A. (2017, June). The strategic use of social context in intergroup communications. Oral presentation at the 1st International Symposium of Intergroup Communications, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Gaffney, A. M. (2017, April). Social identity and political psychology. Invited address as Distinguished Speaker at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Sacramento, CA.

Hackett, J. D., Gaffney, A. M., & Case K. (2017, January). Non-religious identities and global citizenship. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, TX.

Gaffney, A. M., Jung, J., Crano, W. D., & Hogg, M. A. (2016, November). Contexts and conditions of outgroup influence. Invited address at the European Association of Social Psychology Small Group Conference in Honor of Serge Moscovici, Paris, France.

Student-led Oral & Poster Presentations

Sherburne, B., Gaffney, A. M., & Gardikiotis, A. (2019, June). Violent opposition in response to political policy that blurs group boundaries. Oral presentation at the 2019 EASP meeting on Intergroup Communications, Bologna, Italy.

Jaurique, A., Gaffney, A. M. (2019, June). How threats to masculinity impact derogation of transgender women. Oral presentation at the meeting of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, San Diego, CA.

Peabody, D., Sherburne, B., Hackett, J. D., & Gaffney, A. M. (2019, June). Relationships between prototypicality, integrated threat, and outgroup evaluations. Poster session to be presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Psychological Studies of Social Issues, San Diego, CA.

Ashworth, L.F., Rodriguez, J., Peabody, J., Tarin, A., Byers, S. M., Sherburne, B., Wagoner, J. M., & Gaffney, A. M. (2019, April). Exploratory analyses of the self and group: Entitativity. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Pasadena, CA.

Beaulieu, J. B., Conso, M., Littman, H. L., Moore, C. R., Streator, N., Sherburne, B. M., Syfers, L., Gaffney, A. M., Rast, D. E. III. (2019, April). Deviant leaders: Examining the effect of group consensus on individuals' attitudes towards a leader's position. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Pasadena, CA.

Estrada, D., Skillman, B., Mendez, J., Phimmasorn, V., Syfers, L., Gaffney, A. M., & Rast, D. E. III. (2019, April). Predicting Support for Atypical Leaders Under Conditions of Uncertainty. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Pasadena, CA.

Sherburne, B., Gaffney, A. M., & Hackett, J. D. (2019, April). Uncertainty and the Manufacturing of Political Voice. Oral presentation and the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Pasadena, CA.

Syfers, L., Rast, D.E. III., & Gaffney, A. M. (2019, April). When Drastic Change is Bad: Strategies for Incoming Leaders. Oral presentation at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association.

Cruz, A. N., Souter, S. S., Escalante, S., & Gaffney, A. M. (2019, February). Follow the group: Elaborating on group members when gathering prototype relevant information. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Portland, OR.

Jaurique, A., Mendez, J., Beaulieu, J., Rast, D. E. III, Gaffney, A. M. (2019, February). How election context and leader deviancy affect perceptions of leader prototypicality. Poster session to be presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Portland, OR.

Kuljian, O. R., Byers, S. M., Souter, S. S., Skillman, B. P., & Gaffney, A. M. (2019, February). Effects of prototypicality on evaluations of warmth of attractive group members. Poster session to be presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Portland, OR.

Ma, A. C., Rast, D. E. III, & Gaffney, A. M. (2018, February). Gone too far?: How uncertainty influences support for highly entitative, extremist groups. Poster session to be presented at the annual conference of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Portland, OR.

McIvor, A., Syfers, L., Rast, D. E. III, & Gaffney, A. M. (2019, February). When drastic change is bad: Strategies for perspective leaders. Poster session to be presented at the 20th annual conference of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology (SPSP). Portland, OR.

Sherburne, B., Conso, M., Sarai, E. C., Hackett, J. D., & Gaffney, A. M. (2019, February). When Might People Give up Political Voice? Poster session to be presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Portland, OR.

Souter, S. S., Sherburne, B., Cruz, A. N., Gaffney, A. M., Hackett D. J. (2019, February). Dehumanization of undocumented families and why news outlet matters. Poster session to be presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Portland, CA.

Syfers, L., Vue, M., Estrada, D., Gaffney, A.M., & Rast, D.E. III (2019). Leadership in Times of Uncertainty. Poster to be presented at the Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Portland, OR.

Byers, S. M., Estrada, D., Sherburne, B., Gaffney, A, M., & Hackett, J. D. (2018, July). Trumping group threat: The relationship between threat, conservatism, and political zealotry during the 2016 U.S. Presidential campaign season. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Political Psychology, San Antonio, TX.

Chu, B., Rodriguez, J., Sherburne, B., & Gaffney, A, M. (2018, June). Hella dope: Confident understanding mediates the relationship between slang and multiple belonging needs. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the International Conference on Language and Social Psychology, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Syfers, L., Sherburne, B., Gaffney, A. M., & Rast, D. E. III (2018, June). Elections communicate consensual views of leadership and identity. Invited talk at the 16th International Conference on Language & Social Psychology (ICLASP). Edmonton, Canada.

Kijsriopas, B. R., Cruz, A. N., Beach, M. R., Carter, H. D., & Gaffney, A.M. (2018, April). Police officer identification and leadership prototypicality. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR.

Kuljian, O., Sherburne, B., Camerena, J., Rodriguez, J., Hackett, J. D., & Gaffney, A. M. (2018, April). Effects of nationalist leadership on identification with humanity. Oral presentation at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR.

Littman, H., Kulijian, O., La Vogue, N., Wagoner, J. A., & Gaffney, A. M. (2018, April). Intergroup compensations for attributes of warmth and competence. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR.

Siefert, E., Scott, B., Rodriguez, J., Kijsriopas, B., Chu, B., & Gaffney, A. M. (2018, April). Confidence of understanding mediates the relationship between ingroup slang and a sense of peer similarity. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR.

Sherburne, B. M., Gaffney, A. M., Hackett, J. D., Rast, D. E., III, & Hohman, Z. P. (2018, April). Leadership and group change. Oral presentation at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR.

Syfers, L., Sherburne, B., Gaffney, A.M., & Hackett, J. D. (2018, April). Perceptions of political polarization between Democrats and Republicans after the 2016 Presidential election. Oral Presentation at the 2018 meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, Oregon.

Cruz, A. N., Camarena, J., Gaffney, A. M., & Rast, D. E., III. (2018, March). Constructing cohesion through political identity: Leadership in the 2016 election. Poster session presented at the annual conference of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Atlanta, GA.

Dulion, M., Battle, R. Jenkins, A., Lytle, S., Gaffney, A. M. & Hackett, J. D. (2018, March). Trump supporters and identification with all humanity. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Atlanta, GA.

Jaurique, A., Syfers, L., La Vogue, N., Snipes, A., Hackett, J. D., Gaffney, A. M. (2018, March). The role of uncertainty in democrats and republicans support for diverse leadership. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Atlanta, GA.

Kuljian, O., Sherburne. B, Camarena, J., Rodriguez, J., Vue, M., Hackett, J. D., Gaffney, A. M. (2018, March). Effects of nationalist leadership on identification with humanity. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Atlanta, GA.

Sherburne, B., Kuljian, O., Camarena, J., Gaffney, A. M., & Hohman, Z. P. (2018, March). Effects of new leadership on schismatic intentions. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Atlanta, GA.

Jaurique, A., La Vogue, N., Gaffney, A. M., & Hackett, J. D. (2017, July). From group-based anger to populism: Implications for collective action and protest. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Edinburgh, Scotland.

La Vogue, N., Jaurique, A., Gaffney, A. M., & Hackett, J. D. (2017, July). Is 2016 a diversity backlash? Political identity norms and the future of democratic elections. Oral paper presentation at the annual meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Edinburgh, Scotland.

Estrada, D., Byers, S. M., Gaffney A. M., & Jaurique, A. (2017, June). The effects of relative deprivation and ambivalent sexism on voter preferences. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the International Society for Human Ethology, Boise, ID.

Cruz, A. N., Sherburne, B., Gaffney, A. M., & Hackett, J. D. (2017, June). Constructing cohesion through political identity: Leadership in the 2016 election. Oral presentation at the annual meeting of the International Society for Human Ethology, Boise, ID.

Chu, B., Kirakosyan, T. M., Huicochea, I., Cruz, A. N., Sherburne, B., Gaffney, A. M., & Rast, D. E., III. (2017, April). Effects of uncertainty and rhetoric on democrats’ views of abortion. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Sacramento, CA.

Ference, M., Hackett, J. D., & Gaffney, A. M. (2017, April). Superordinate identities and the 2016 presidential election. Poster session presented at The Strike a Spark conference, California, PA.

Jaurique, A., Allen, J., Skillman, B., Allen, C., Gaffney, A. M., Aberson, C. L., Hogg, M. (2017, April). Self-uncertainty and systematic processing of self-relevant information: Understanding uncertainty reduction. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Sacramento, CA

Kuljian, O., Syfers, L., Estrada, D., Gaffney, A. M., & Jung, J. (2017, April). Outgroup influence. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Sacramento, CA.

La Vogue, N., Gaffney, A. M., & Hackett, J. D. (2017, April). Anger prototypicality and collective action in the 2016 presidential election. Symposium at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Sacramento, CA.

La Vogue, N., Byers, S., Kijsriopas, B., Sherburne, B., Gaffney, A. M., Rast, D. E., III. (2017, April). Making america great again: American identity uncertainty and white-american bias. Poster session presented at the annual conference of the Western Psychological Association, Sacramento, CA.

Jaurique, A., Ryan, D., Gaffney, A. M., Rast, D. E., III. (2017, January). A case for demagoguery: How Donald Trump's rhetoric affects support for social issues. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, TX.

La Vogue, N., Huicochea, I., Vazquez, M., Jaurique, A., Gaffney, A. M., Rast, D. E., III. (2017, January). Sexism and uncertainty: A threat to democrats’ ideals. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, TX.

Syfers, L., Woods, S., Kirakosyan, T., Gaffney, A. M., Hackett, J. D. (2017, January). Democrat and Republican conventions: Examining relationships between politicized identity, populism and collective action. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology. San Antonio, TX.

Ryan, D., Jaurique, A., Woods, S., Syfers, L., Gaffney, A. M., & Hohman, Z. P. (2016, April). The functional role of identification in group-identity uncertainty. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of Western Psychological Association, Long Beach, CA.

Kirakosyan, T. M., Syfers, L., Woods, S., Gaffney, A. M., Graham, B., & Hackett, J. D. (2016, October). Populism and empowerment among protestors of the 2016 national conventions. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of Community for Research and Action in the West, Portland, OR.